Energy-Efficient Broadband Spectrum Sensing in Real Time Based on a Frequency-Domain Analog Signal Processor

Project: Research project

Project Details


RF spectrum is a scarce resource as the number of wireless electronic devices continues to explode. To maximize the utilization of the limited spectrum resource, temporal and spatial spectrum sharing is essential in next-generation wireless networks. Real-time spectrum sensing is a crucial technology to enable dynamic spectrum sharing. It identifies available spectrum instantaneously in the crowded frequency spectrum and helps the networks to dynamically adapt operating parameters such as transmit power, carrier frequency, and modulation format. As more applications continue to occupy millimeter-wave (mm-wave) spectrum, broadband spectrum sensing which covers both traditionally spectrum-congested frequency bands and new mm-wave bands will be needed. However, scanning a very broad spectrum bandwidth of more than 10 GHz is challenging due to the power-hungry high-speed analog-to-digital converter (ADC) and digital signal processing (DSP) circuitry. To address these challenges, this project will explore a novel silicon-based frequency domain analog signal processor co-designed with advanced signal processing algorithms. The research will be the first theoretical and experimental study of applying frequency-dependent constructive and destructive interference in an array of digitally programmable on-chip elements to frequency-domain analog signal processing. The research outcomes from this project can be adopted by industry to benefit a wide range of semiconductor and wireless network companies. The success of the project will also help maintain the continuous leadership of the United States in wireless technologies and semiconductors by training students to be innovative engineers in wireless industry.The goal of this project is to develop a silicon-based frequency domain analog signal processor co-designed with advanced signal processing algorithms to realize an energy-efficient (< 100 mW power consumption), broadband (>25 GHz bandwidth), and low-latency (This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.
Effective start/end date9/15/238/31/26


  • National Science Foundation: $460,000.00


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