Project Details

Description

DESCRIPTION (Adapted from the applicant's abstract): TGFbeta-based therapeutics may potentially be successful against epithelial cancers, since this autocrine polypeptide regulator inhibits the proliferation of responsive carcinoma cells and elicits differentiation-like effects. However, the signaling pathway(s) leading to the growth inhibitory effect of TGFbeta have not been elucidated. The principal investigator's previous data provided the first direct evidence for rapid activation of cytoplasmic signaling components (Ras and the mitogen-activated protein kinse ERK1) by TGFbeta in association with growth inhibition. Additional data suggests that the effects of TGFbeta on cell cycle components may also play a role in the growth inhibitory response to TGFbeta. The principal investigator hypothesizes that TGFbeta activation of ERK1 is upstream from the effects of TGFbeta on nuclear cell cycle components in the TGFbeta signaling pathway. Accordingly, the principal investigator will examine whether the activation of ERK1 by TGFbeta kinetically precedes the effects of TGFbeta on complexes between cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdk's) in the nucleus. It is further hypothesized that the cytoplasmic and nuclear components modulated by TGFbeta may be linked in a manner analogous to that demonstrated in yeast with regard to the growth inhibitory effects of mating pheromones. That is, the MapK cascade in yeast directly leads to phosphorylation and transcriptional activation of a Cdk inhibitor (FAR1). Thus the principal investigator plans to investigate whether TGFbeta regulation of mammalian Cdk inhibitor p27Kip1 kinetically follows TGFbeta activation of ERK1 in asynchronous cultures of epithelial cells.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date5/1/962/28/01

Funding

  • National Cancer Institute: $191,863.00

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