Using Satellite-derived Landuse Data to Improve Meso- and Storm-scale Numerical Weather Prediction

Project: Research project

Project Details


9871807 Stensrud Title:Using Satellite-Derived Landuse Data to Improve Meso- and Storm-scale Numerical Weather Prediction Improvements in numerical weather prediction (NWP) have been hindered by deficiencies in the availability and quality of land cover data. Capabilities to inventory and map land cover conditions and to monitor land surface changes at higher spatial and temporal resolution are needed. To address these issues, a collaborative study between researchers in Oklahoma and Nebraska will be carried out to improve the simulation of surface heat and moisture fluxes in mesoscale NWP models. This project will focus upon weather events that are not forecast well by present operational NWP models, such as extreme high and low temperature events, where the incorporation of improved land cover data is likely to have the greatest impact. Four specific objectives are defined: (1) evaluate the ability to improve upon the daily coarse-resolution (1 km) satellite data by blending in very high-resolution satellite data; (2) evaluate the improvements from using a detailed land surface parameterization scheme in mesoscale model simulations by comparing modeled fluxes to the unique flux observations available over Oklahoma; (3) document the improvements in simulating several extreme temperature events that have occurred over the United States by comparing mesoscale model simulations with and without the detailed land cover data; and (4) incorporate the high- resolution land cover into the Advanced Regional Prediction System (ARPS) for use in operational NWP efforts. The knowledge gained from this study will provide the information necessary to improve the forecasts of extreme weather events, particularly extreme high and low temperature forecasts, that are a significant economic concern. It is expected that improved forecasts of temperatures would be of great use to insurance companies, electric power utilities, agriculture, and the transportation industries.

Effective start/end date7/1/986/30/01


  • National Science Foundation: $674,613.00


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