{001} Oriented piezoelectric films prepared by chemical solution deposition on Ni foils

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Flexible metal foil substrates are useful in some microelectromechanical systems applications including wearable piezoelectric sensors or energy harvesters based on Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) thin films. Full utilization of the potential of piezoelectrics on metal foils requires control of the film crystallographic texture. In this study, {001} oriented PZT thin films were grown by chemical solution deposition (CSD) on Ni foil and Si substrates. Ni foils were passivated using HfO2 grown by atomic layer deposition in order to suppress substrate oxidation during subsequent thermal treatment. To obtain the desired orientation of PZT film, strongly (100) oriented LaNiO 3 films were integrated by CSD on the HfO2 coated substrates. A high level of {001} LaNiO3 and PZT film orientation were confirmed by X-ray diffraction patterns. Before poling, the low field dielectric permittivity and loss tangents of (001) oriented PZT films on Ni are near 780 and 0.04 at 1kHz; the permittivity drops significantly on poling due to in-plane to out-of-plane domain switching. (001) oriented PZT film on Ni displayed a well-saturated hysteresis loop with a large remanent polarization ∼36 μC/cm2, while (100) oriented PZT on Si showed slanted P-E hysteresis loops with much lower remanent polarizations. The |e31,f| piezoelectric coefficient was around 10.6C/m2 for hot-poled (001) oriented PZT film on Ni.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number014105
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 7 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of '{001} Oriented piezoelectric films prepared by chemical solution deposition on Ni foils'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this