The use of observers for improvement of output feedback process control is important for achieving accuracy and processing efficiency, especially for large multivariate process systems. Reduced-order observers are particularly advantageous for reducing computational complexity of estimating state variables. The processes considered herein can be modeled as a linear time-invariant continuous system with stochastic elements of modified white Gaussian noise accounting for both process disturbances and sensor inaccuracies. When process measurements are supernumerary to the process states with full rank observation matrix, noise contributions to output measurement are filtered by a soft sensor based on the generalized singular value decomposition (GSVD) solution of best linear unbiased estimation for state variable estimation. When only system observability can be guaranteed, this soft sensor is combined with a reduced-order Kalman-Bucy observer design for continuous estimation of unmeasured state variables at low computation cost. The proposed design procedure is evaluated on a biochemical continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR) and a simplified Tennessee Eastman model around stable and unstable steady states. The observer is shown to outperform the ordinary Kalman filter design with noisy measurements that deviate from a Gauss-Markov model.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Chemical Engineering
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering