2+1 quantum gravity as a toy model for the 3+1 theory

A. Ashtekar, V. Husain, C. Rovelli, J. Samuel, L. Smolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


2+1 Einstein gravity is used as a toy model for testing a program for nonperturbative canonical quantisation of the 3+1 theory. The program can be successfully implemented in the model and leads to a surprisingly rich quantum theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number001
Pages (from-to)L185-L193
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1989

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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