2SXPS: An Improved and Expanded Swift X-Ray Telescope Point-source Catalog

P. A. Evans, K. L. Page, J. P. Osborne, A. P. Beardmore, R. Willingale, D. N. Burrows, J. A. Kennea, M. Perri, M. Perri, M. Capalbi, G. Tagliaferri, S. B. Cenko

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113 Scopus citations


We present the 2SXPS (Swift-XRT Point Source) catalog, containing 206,335 point sources detected by the Swift X-ray Telescope (XRT) in the 0.3-10 keV energy range. This catalog represents a significant improvement over 1SXPS, with double the sky coverage (now 3790 deg2), and several significant developments in source detection and classification. In particular, we present for the first time techniques to model the effect of stray light - significantly reducing the number of spurious sources detected. These techniques will be very important for future, large effective area X-ray missions, such as the forthcoming Athena X-ray observatory. We also present a new model of the XRT point-spread function and a method for correctly localizing and characterizing piled-up sources. We provide light curves - in four energy bands, two hardness ratios, and two binning timescales - for every source, and from these deduce that over 80,000 of the sources in 2SXPS are variable in at least one band or hardness ratio. The catalog data can be queried or downloaded via a web interface at https://www.swift.ac.uk/2SXPS, via HEASARC, or in Vizier (IX/58).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number54
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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