3D MHD models of the centrifugal magnetosphere from a massive star with an oblique dipole field

Asif ud-Doula, Stanley P. Owocki, Christopher Russell, Marc Gagné, Simon Daley-Yates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


We present results from new self-consistent 3D magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) simulations of the magnetospheres from massive stars with a dipole magnetic axis that has a non-zero obliquity angle (β) to the star’s rotation axis. As an initial direct application, we compare the global structure of co-rotating discs for nearly aligned (β = 5) versus half-oblique (β = 45) models, both with moderately rapid rotation (∼0.5 critical). We find that accumulation surfaces broadly resemble the forms predicted by the analytical rigidly rotating magnetosphere model, but the mass buildup to near the critical level for centrifugal breakout against magnetic confinement distorts the field from the imposed initial dipole. This leads to an associated warping of the accumulation surface towards the rotational equator, with the highest density concentrated in wings centred on the intersection between the magnetic and rotational equators. These MHD models can be used to synthesize rotational modulation of photometric absorption and H α emission for a direct comparison with observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3947-3954
Number of pages8
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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