4D space planning specification development for construction work spaces

David R. Riley

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Construction trades need adequate space to perform work efficiently. Congestion between different trades and materials should be avoided if maximum productivity rates are expected. Space planning refers to considerations made to minimize workspace congestion and interference. Recent advances in 4D modeling (3D graphical computer models+time) offer opportunities to perform detailed space planning through visual and automated analysis of construction sequences. This paper describes efforts to define the properties of construction activity spaces, e.g. work, storage, and paths which are necessary to perform useful modeling and simulation of a dynamic work environment. Based on case studies of space planning applications, detailed properties of activity spaces are defined and classified to support realistic planning processes, results, and expectations. The results of this study provide criteria for robust space planning applications which utilize 4D computer modeling and simulation of the construction work environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages10
StatePublished - 1998
EventProceedings of the 1998 International Computing Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Oct 18 1998Oct 21 1998


OtherProceedings of the 1998 International Computing Congress on Computing in Civil Engineering
CityBoston, MA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications

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