A branding model for web search engines

Lu Zhang, Bernard J. Jansen, Anna S. Mattila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this research, we conduct a comprehensive investigation of branding of web search engines, examining the effects brand image, brand knowledge, and brand relationship. Our research aim is to investigate the effect of brands on users' perception of search engine performance in order to provide insights on search engines as services in this unique marketplace. We use a survey of 207 participants for data collection and structural equation modelling. Our findings revealed users' brand relationship with a search engine has a direct effect on their perception of performance by increasing satisfaction and trust, whereas their brand knowledge about a search engine has an indirect effect by combining with the existence of a brand relationship. This finding indicates that customers value their relationship with certain brands more than the users' knowledge of that brand when evaluating the performance of search engines. Our results also show that the impact of trust on performance perception for search engines is not as significant as satisfaction, although trust is a major element in relationship marketing. The study has implications for those investigating the search engine marketplace and practitioners of established and emerging search engine companies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)195-216
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Journal of Internet Marketing and Advertising
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Marketing


Dive into the research topics of 'A branding model for web search engines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this