A Broadband System for Multifrequency Static Imaging in Electrical Impedance Tomography

Pere J. Riu, Javier Rosell, Albert Lozano, Ramon Pallâs-Areny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


A widely accepted method for static Imaging in electrical impedance tomography (BIT) is to measure at two frequencies. The choice of measurement frequencies is application-dependent because some different tissues cannot be distinguished when using two fixed frequencies. We have developed a system that generates signals from 8-103 kHz and applies two of these signals simultaneously to the body through a broadband current mirror. Great care has been taken in the design of the current injection multiplexer in order to keep the current source output capacitance as low as possible. Furthermore design of the layout of the patient interface board, in order to reduce feedthrough capacitances, also needs great care. Other parameters for driving and detection sections have been designed according to our results from FEM and circuit simulations including skin and electrode effects. Simulations using FEM with available tissue impedance data and preliminary measurements in a discrete phantom show that static imaging is possible for both the real and imaginary parts of the impedance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalClinical Physics and Physiological Measurement
StatePublished - Dec 1 1992

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics


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