A Census of the Circumstellar Disk Populations in the Sco-Cen Complex

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Abstract

I have used mid-infrared (IR) photometry from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) to perform a census of circumstellar disks among ∼10,000 candidate members of the Sco-Cen complex that were recently identified with data from the Gaia mission. IR excesses are detected for more than 1200 of the WISE counterparts that are within the commonly adopted boundary for Sco-Cen, ∼400 of which are newly reported in this work. The richest population in Sco-Cen, UCL/LCC, contains the largest available sample of disks (>500) for any population near its age (∼20 Myr). UCL/LCC also provides the tightest statistical constraints to date on the disk fractions of low-mass stars for any single age beyond that of Upper Sco (∼11 Myr). For Upper Sco and UCL/LCC, I have measured the disk fractions as a function of spectral type. The disk fraction in Upper Sco is higher at later spectral types, which is consistent with the results for previous samples of candidate members. In UCL/LCC, that trend has become more pronounced; the disk fractions in UCL/LCC are lower than those in Upper Sco by factors of ∼10, 5.7, and 2.5 at B7-K5.5, K6-M3.5, and M3.75-M6, respectively. The data in UCL/LCC also demonstrate that the disk fraction for low-mass stars remains nonnegligible at an age of 20 Myr (0.09 0.01). Finally, I find no significant differences in the ages of disk-bearing and diskless low-mass stars in Upper Sco and UCL/LCC based on their positions in color-magnitude diagrams.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number25
JournalAstronomical Journal
Volume163
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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