Glioblastoma (GBM) is among the deadliest malignancies facing modern oncology. While our understanding of certain aspects of GBM biology has significantly increased over the last decade, other aspects, such as the role of bioactive metals in GBM progression, remain understudied. Iron is the most abundant transition metal found within the earth's crust and plays an intricate role in human physiology owing to its ability to participate in oxidation-reduction reactions. The importance of iron homeostasis in human physiology is apparent when examining the clinical consequences of iron deficiency or iron overload. Despite this, the role of iron in GBM progression has not been well described. Here, we review and synthesize the existing literature examining iron's role in GBM progression and patient outcomes, as well as provide a survey of iron's effects on the major cell types found within the GBM microenvironment at the molecular and cellular level. Iron represents an accessible target given the availability of already approved iron supplements and chelators. Improving our understanding of iron's role in GBM biology may pave the way for iron-modulating approaches to improve patient outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2136-2149
Number of pages14
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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