A Cluster Analysis of Mothers of Reproductive Age Based on Their Attitude and Risk of Alcohol Use

Yusuke Hayashi, Donald A. Hantula, Yukiko Washio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The rates of alcohol use and binge drinking are increasing among women. To examine factors that can differentiate womenwith low-risk alcohol use fromthose with high-risk alcohol use, the present study explored whether there would be distinct subgroups of mothers who differed in their attitudes and risk of alcohol use. A sample of 141women aged between 18 and 50 years old who had given birth within 3 years was recruited on AmazonMechanical Turk.Ahierarchical cluster analysiswas conducted to categorize the mothers based on the similarities between their attitudes and risk of alcohol use, which resulted in the identification of the following distinct subgroups: (a) mothers with negative attitudes toward alcohol use and low risk for problematic alcohol use, (b)mothers with positive attitudes and low risk, and (c) mothers with positive attitudes and high risk. These subgroups of mothers were then compared on the extent to which they differed in trait impulsivity and impulsive decision-making toward instant gratification. The results showed that the subgroups significantly differed in trait impulsivity but not in impulsive decision-making toward instant gratification. The present study demonstrated the usefulness of cluster analysis for profiling distinct, practically meaningful subgroups of mothers of reproductive age based on their attitudes and risk of alcohol use, which has important implications for developing intervention strategies for problematic alcohol use in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental and clinical psychopharmacology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 25 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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