Dimensionality reduction research in data envelopment analysis (DEA) has focused on subjective approaches to reduce dimensionality. Such approaches are less useful or attractive in practice because a subjective selection of variables introduces bias. A competing unbiased approach would be to use ensemble DEA scores. This paper illustrates that in addition to unbiased evaluations, the ensemble DEA scores result in unique rankings that have high entropy. Under restrictive assumptions, it is also shown that the ensemble DEA scores are normally distributed. Ensemble models do not require any new modifications to existing DEA objective functions or constraints, and when ensemble scores are normally distributed, returns-to-scale hypothesis testing can be carried out using traditional parametric statistical techniques.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Theoretical Computer Science
- Numerical Analysis
- Computational Theory and Mathematics
- Computational Mathematics