A comparison of high and low achieving students on self-regulated learning variables

Daniell DiFrancesca, John L. Nietfeld, Li Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Prior research has established the importance of self-regulated learning (SRL) skills for academic achievement. However, efforts to identify and subsequently remediate students' SRL in classroom contexts are still in the early stages of development. This study sought to examine individual differences in low and high achieving college students (N = 41) in a classroom-based context in order to begin to inform remediation and intervention efforts. Results indicated no initial differences between high and low achieving students on prior knowledge, general ability, or self-efficacy. However, important differences emerged on metacognitive monitoring, reported use of low-level study strategies, and self-efficacy over the duration of the course. Test performance measured early in the course, but not baseline measures of SRL components or prior knowledge, was predictive of summative course achievement. Self-report measures of SRL did not align with measures of achievement, monitoring judgments, or interview data, indicating that these measures should be used with caution when examining SRL skills in college classroom contexts. Implications related to the development SRL skills are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)228-236
Number of pages9
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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