A computationally efficient discrete pseudomodulation algorithm for real-time magnetic resonance measurements

Brian R. Manning, Fedor V. Sharov, Patrick M. Lenahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rapid-scan electron paramagnetic resonance (RSEPR) results in a significant improvement in signal-to-noise over magnetic field modulated continuous wave EPR (CWEPR). However, the RSEPR raw absorption spectra can make the real-time comparison of CWEPR spectra difficult, especially in systems where the total number of paramagnetic spins is low. In this paper, we illustrate a method of applying pseudomodulation within RSEPR data collection software in real-time. Pseudomodulation is generally carried out in post-processing to increase signal-to-noise and simulate the effects of modulation on the spectra observed in traditional magnetic field modulated CWEPR. By applying the pseudomodulation method on a discrete computational basis, the technique can be utilized in parallel with data collection due to the significantly reduced computational power of the discretized pseudomodulation calculation. This allows for the live alteration of modulation parameters, such as the modulation amplitude and modulation harmonic. This real-time simulation allows for the comparison of the accumulated non-adiabatic rapid-sweep EPR spectra with the known CWEPR spectra available in the literature and has the ability to view smaller and less sensitive resonance features for various harmonics during high-frequency experiments while retaining all signal-to-noise improvements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number015104
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation


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