A Figure-of-Merit for Design and Optimization of Inductive Power Transmission Links for Millimeter-Sized Biomedical Implants

Ahmed Ibrahim, Mehdi Kiani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations

Abstract

Power transmission efficiency (PTE) has been the key parameter for wireless power transmission (WPT) to biomedical implants with millimeter (mm) dimensions. It has been suggested that for mm-sized implants increasing the power carrier frequency (fp) of the WPT link to hundreds of MHz improves PTE. However, increasing fp significantly reduces the maximum allowable power that can be transmitted under the specific absorption rate (SAR) constraints. This paper presents a new figure-of-merit (FoM) and a design methodology for optimal WPT to mm-sized implants via inductive coupling by striking a balance between PTE and maximum delivered power under SAR constraints (PL,SAR). First, the optimal mm-sized receiver (Rx) coil geometry is identified for a wide range of fp to maximize the Rx coil quality factor (Q). Secondly, the optimal transmitter (Tx) coil geometry and fp are found to maximize the proposed FoM under a low-loss Rx matched-load condition. Finally, proper Tx coil and tissue spacing is identified based on FoM at the optimal fp. We demonstrate that fp in order of tens of MHz still offer higher PL,SAR and FoM, which is key in applications that demand high power such as optogenetics. An inductive link to power a 1 mm3 implant was designed based on our FoM and verified through full-wave electromagnetic field simulations and measurements using de-embedding method. In our measurements, an Rx coil with 1 mm diameter, located 10 mm inside the tissue, achieved PTE and PL,SAR of 1.4% and 2.2 mW at fp of 20 MHz, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7458914
Pages (from-to)1100-1111
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE transactions on biomedical circuits and systems
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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