A Flexible and Biomimetic Olfactory Synapse with Gasotransmitter-Mediated Plasticity

Yuping Deng, Mingyou Zhao, Yuan Ma, Shangbin Liu, Mingda Liu, Boyu Shen, Rongfeng Li, He Ding, Huanyu Cheng, Xing Sheng, Wangyang Fu, Zehui Li, Milin Zhang, Lan Yin

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Neuromorphic electronics has demonstrated great promise in mimicking the sensory and memory functions of biological systems. However, synaptic devices with desirable sensitivity, selectivity, and operational voltage imitating the olfactory system have rarely been reported. Here, a flexible and biomimetic olfactory synapse based on an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) coupled with a breath-figure derived porous solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) is proposed. The device demonstrates excellent sensitivity with a ppb-level response limit and desirable selectivity toward hydrogen sulfide (H2S) over other gases, and successfully achieves wireless real-time detection of excessive concentration of H2S from rotten eggs. H2S-mediated synaptic plasticity is accomplished with the device and typical synaptic behaviors are realized, including short-term memory (STM), long-term memory (LTM), transition from STM to LTM, etc., enabling the imitation of potential cumulative damages upon H2S exposure. The proposed device paves new ways toward next-generation olfactory systems capable of sensing and memorizing functionalities mimicking neurobiological systems, offering critical materials strategies to accomplish intelligent artificial sensory systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2214139
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 2 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Electrochemistry
  • Biomaterials

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