A Framework to Evaluate Justice Claims in the Russian State-Led Doping Case

Francisco Javier Lopez Frias, Brett Diaz, Rachel Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


In this article, we examine scholarly analyses of justice and develop a framework that can help assess the claims from the parties in the Russian state-led doping scandal, including, but not limited to, Russian athletes, non-Russian athletes, the World Anti-Doping Agency, and sport governing bodies. The two key components of this justice framework are pluralism and relationality/contextuality. We argue that a justice framework built upon these elements better captures the nature of justice. We conclude that no party in the Russian state-led doping case has exclusive access to justice. Rather, all the parties have legitimate calls for justice against one another. Thus, the administration of justice will fail to serve justice, in its different meanings, for all parties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-442
Number of pages16
JournalSport, Ethics and Philosophy
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Philosophy


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