A hybrid domain overlapping method for coupling System Thermal Hydraulics and CFD codes

Aaron Huxford, Victor Coppo Leite, Elia Merzari, Ling Zou, Victor Petrov, Annalisa Manera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


A hybrid multiscale coupling methodology based on a domain overlapping approach has been developed for coupling System Thermal Hydraulics (STH) and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes. The method has been implemented between the modern STH code SAM and the CFD code NekRS, using the coupling tool Cardinal. The coupling aims to extend the STH code's applicability to scenarios where local momentum and energy transfers are important yet difficult for STH codes to capture, such as three-dimensional mixing. Two coupling strategies are implemented and compared: a hybrid domain overlapping method and the conventional domain decomposition method. The strategies are applied to two closed-loop applications, and the present method shows superior stability behavior when compared to the domain decomposition method. Then, the present coupling method is validated against experimental data from a double T-junction experiment. The present STH/CFD coupling shows improved agreement with experimental data when compared to STH standalone simulations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109842
JournalAnnals of Nuclear Energy
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering


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