A latent structure analysis of the positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia

John S. Brekke, Judith A. DeBonis, John W. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Although previous studies have suggested the inadequacy of the two-factor models of positive and negative symptoms in schizophrenia, confirmatory testing of the putative three-factor models is needed. Using a sample of 193 individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia, this study tested the relative goodness-of-fit of one-, two-, and three-factor models of the positive and negative symptoms. Using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), the three-factor model of Addington et al., Arndt et al., and Liddle and Barnes that specifies positive, negative, and disorganized factors had the best fit with the data. Allowing the factors to co-vary and specifying dimensionality to the negative symptoms substantially improved the fit of the model. The study addressed several other issues. First, whereas the correlation between positive and negative symptoms was modest, the disorganized symptoms were significantly and more strongly related to both the positive and negative symptoms. Second, depression was not correlated with negative symptoms, but was significantly related to both the positive and disorganized symptoms. Third, the relationships between the three factors and levels of global, social, and work functioning in the sample supported the criterion-related validity of the three-factor model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)252-259
Number of pages8
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • General Psychology


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