A limitation of the Bruggeman formalism for homogenization

Tom G. Mackay, Akhlesh Lakhtakia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


The Bruggeman formalism provides an estimate of the effective permittivity of a particulate composite medium comprising two component mediums. The Bruggeman estimate is required to lie within the Wiener bounds and the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds. Considering the homogenization of weakly dissipative component mediums characterized by relative permittivities with real parts of opposite signs, we show that the Bruggeman estimate may not be physically reasonable when the component mediums are weakly dissipative; furthermore, both the Wiener bounds and the Hashin-Shtrikman bounds exhibit strong resonances.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Communications
Issue number1-6
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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