A Longitudinal Test of the Conservative-Liberal Well-Being Gap

Salvador Vargas Salfate, Sammyh S. Khan, James H. Liu, Homero Gil de Zúñiga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this article, we test if conservatism predicts psychological well-being longitudinally. We based the study on previous findings showing that conservatives score higher on different measures of well-being, such as life satisfaction and happiness. Most explanations in the literature have assumed that conservatism antecedes well-being without considering the alternative—that well-being may predict conservatism. In Study 1, using multilevel cross-lagged panel models with a two-wave longitudinal sample consisting of data from 19 countries (N = 8,740), we found that conservatism did not predict well-being over time. We found similar results in Study 2 (N = 2,554), using random-intercept cross-lagged panel models with a four-wave longitudinal sample from Chile. We discuss the main implications of these results for the literature examining the association between conservatism and well-being.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1439-1453
Number of pages15
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Social Psychology


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