A Low-Loss Passive D-Band Phase Shifter for Calibration-Free, Precise Phase Control

Mohammadreza Abbasi, Wooram Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A low-loss passive phase shifter is presented for calibration-free, precise phase control at D -band. The proposed topology manipulates time delay by controlling propagation distance in a trombone-like structure formed with two parallel transmission lines periodically connected via switch networks. The proposed phase control exploits only one switched signal transition for all phase states, significantly lowering insertion loss and keeping loss variation small over phase states. A detailed analysis of the design tradeoff between insertion loss and phase resolution is also presented. A prototype 5-bit digital phase shifter that operates with 11.25° steps over 360° tuning range at 140 GHz was implemented using a 45-nm RF silicon-on-insulator (SOI) technology and occupies only 0.04 text {mm}{2}. On-wafer measurements report an rms phase error of 1.2° without calibration, which is the lowest among published phase shifters in similar frequency bands. The prototype IC achieved the measured insertion loss of 11.5 ± 0.8 dB and IP1dB of >12.9 dBm with no dc power consumption.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1371-1380
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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