A meta-analysis of children's memories for own-sex and other-sex information

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


Gender schema theories predict that memories will be biased toward information associated with one's own sex. Meta-analyses were performed on the association between a child's sex and memories for (1) items depicting stereotypically masculine and feminine actions, characteristics, or objects, and (2) male and female characters. Same-sex biases were evident in memories for masculine and feminine items, especially after a delay and when the memory task was recall, and in memories for male and female characters. The same-sex bias in memory for male characters was larger when the characters were not engaged in gender-stereotyped activities. The implications of these results for gender schema theories and for the preparation of educational materials are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-445
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'A meta-analysis of children's memories for own-sex and other-sex information'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this