A model of protein targeting mediated by immunophilins and other proteins that bind to hsp90 via tetratricopeptide repeat domains

Janet K. Owens-Grillo, Michael J. Czar, Kevin A. Hutchison, Kai Hoffmann, Gary H. Perdew, William B. Pratt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

153 Scopus citations


We have shown recently that the immunophilins CyP-40 and FKBP52/hsp56 bind to a common site on hsp90 and that they exist in separate heterocomplexes with the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). FKBP52/hsp56 binds to hsp90 via its tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) domains, it is not required for GR·hsp90 heterocomplex assembly, and it is thought to play a role in targeted movement of the GR. In this work we examine the hsp90 binding of four proteins (FKBP52/hsp56, CyP-40, p50, Mas70p) thought to be involved in targeted protein trafficking. FKBP52/hsp56 and CyP-40 (each with three TPRs), localize to the nucleus and nucleoli, respectively, and form relatively weak complexes with hsp90 that are competed by a CyP-40 fragment containing its three TPRs. The p50 component of the Src·hsp90 and Raf·hsp90 heterocomplexes localizes to cytoskeletal fibers extending from the perinuclear region to the plasma membrane and forming a rim under the plasma membrane of endothelial cells. p50, Mas70p (seven TPRs), which is a receptor for mitochondrial import, and the p60 (six to eight TPRs) component of the steroid receptor·hsp90 heterocomplex assembly system bind very tightly to hsp90 in a manner that is not competed by the CyP-40 fragment. However, bacterially expressed p60 blocks the binding of p50, Mas70p, FKBP52/hsp56, and CyP-40 to purified hsp90. The data are consistent with binding of all of these proteins to a site on hsp90 that is a general TPR domain acceptor. Our localization and binding data are used to develop a model in which proteins that are chaperoned by hsp90 move as dynamic complexes to their cellular sites of action, with the TPR-containing protein participating in targeting the movement of the complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13468-13475
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number23
StatePublished - 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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