A multi-level model to understand cervical cancer disparities in appalachia

Electra D. Paskett, Michael L. Pennell, Mack T. Ruffin, Christopher M. Weghorst, Bo Lu, Erinn M. Hade, Juan Peng, Brittany M. Bernardo, Mary Ellen Wewers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The Appalachian region experiences higher incidence and mortality due to cervical cancer compared with other regions of the United States. The goal of the Ohio State University Center for Population Health and Health Disparities (CPHHD), called the Community Awareness Resources and Education (CARE) project, was to understand reasons for this disparity. The first wave (2003-2008) of funding included three projects focusing on the known risk factors for cervical cancer, lack of screening, smoking, and infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). On the basis of the results of these projects, the second wave (2011-2017) included four projects, designed to address a multi-level model of factors contributing to cervical disparities in Appalachia. The results of these projects were then used to refine a multi-level model that explains cervical cancer disparities in Appalachia. Future funded projects will take these multi-level explanations for cervical disparities and focus on implementation science strategies to reduce the burden of cervical cancer morbidity and mortality in Appalachia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-228
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Prevention Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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