A multi-step strategy for BAC recombineering of large DNA fragments

Yuanjun Zhao, Shuwen Wang, Jiyue Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Recombineering techniques have been developed to modify bacterial artificial chromosomes (BACs) via bacterial homologous recombination systems, simplifying the molecular manipulations of large DNA constructs. However, precise modifications of a DNA fragment larger than 2-3 kb by recombineering remain a difficult task, due to technical limitations in PCR amplification and purification of large DNA fragments. Here, we describe a new recombineering strategy for the replacement of large DNA fragments using the commonly utilized phage/Red recombination host system. This approach involved the introduction of rare restriction enzyme sites and positive selection markers into the ends of a large DNA fragment, followed by its release from the donor BAC construct and integration into an acceptor BAC. We have successfully employed this method to precisely swap a number of large DNA fragments ranging from 6 to 40 kb between two BAC constructs. Our results demonstrated that this new strategy was highly effective in the manipulations of large genomic DNA fragments and therefore should advance the conventional BAC recombineering technology to the next level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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