This paper introduces a new multivariate exponentially weighted moving average (EWMA) control chart. The proposed control chart, called an EWMA V-chart, is designed to detect small changes in the variability of correlated multivariate quality characteristics. Through examples and simulations, it is demonstrated that the EWMA V-chart is superior to the S-chart in detecting small changes in process variability. Furthermore, a counterpart of the EWMA V-chart for monitoring process mean, called the EWMA M-chart is proposed. In detecting small changes in process variability, the combination of EWMA M-chart and EWMA V-chart is a better alternative to the combination of MEWMA control chart (Lowry et al., 1992) and S-chart. Furthermore, the EWMA M-chart and V-chart can be plotted in one single figure. As for monitoring both process mean and process variability, the combined MEWMA and EWMA V-charts provide the best control procedure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty