A National Analysis of the Impact of Performance-Based Funding on Completion Outcomes Among Underserved Students

Justin C. Ortagus, Kelly Rosinger, Robert Kelchen, Nicholas Voorhees, Garam Chu, Hope Allchin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The majority of states in the U.S. have adopted a performancebased funding (PBF) policy, but we know very little about how PBF adoption affects completion outcomes among underserved subgroups of students or whether specific design elements of PBF policies exacerbate inequities facing traditionally disadvantaged students. In this study, we show that high-dosage PBF policies had a negative impact on bachelor’s degree production amongracially minoritized students but a positive impact on bachelor’s degree production among white students. We also report a positive impact on bachelor’s degree production among adult students when the PBF policy included a targeted incentive for graduating adult students, suggesting that PBF policy design represents a critical but understudied area of study with implications for underserved students.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-452
Number of pages38
JournalReview of Higher Education
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education

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