A Near-Optimal Offline Algorithm for Dynamic All-Pairs Shortest Paths in Planar Digraphs

Debarati Das, Maximilian Probst Gutenberg, Christian Wulff-Nilsen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the planar, dynamic All-Pairs Shortest Paths (APSP) problem, a planar, weighted digraph G undergoes a sequence of edge weight updates and the goal is to maintain a data structure on G, that can quickly answer distance queries between any two vertices x,y ? V(G). The currently best algorithms [FOCS'01, SODA'05] for this problem require Õ(n2/3) worst-case update and query time, while conditional lower bounds [FOCS'16] show that either update or query time is needed1. In this article, we present the first algorithm with near-optimal worst-case update and query time for the offline setting, where the update sequence is given initially. This result is obtained by giving the first offline dynamic algorithm for maintaining dense distance graphs (DDGs) faster than recomputing from scratch after each update. Further, we also present an online algorithm for the incremental APSP problem with worst-case update/query time. This allows us to reduce the online dynamic APSP problem to the online decremental APSP problem, which constitutes partial progress even for the online version of this notorious problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages3482-3495
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781611977073
StatePublished - 2022
Event33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022 - Alexander, United States
Duration: Jan 9 2022Jan 12 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
Volume2022-January

Conference

Conference33rd Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, SODA 2022
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityAlexander
Period1/9/221/12/22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • General Mathematics

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