A phosphate additive for poly(ethylene oxide)-based gel polymer electrolytes

Robert V. Morford, Daniel T. Welna, Clay E. Kellam, Michael A. Hofmann, Harry R. Allcock

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


The influence of an organophosphosphate additive on poly(ethylene oxide) lithium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide-based gel polymer electrolytes for secondary lithium battery applications is described. Tris(2-(2-methoxyethoxy) ethyl)phosphate, is compared to the well known gel-battery component, propylene carbonate, through a study of complex impedance analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, and limiting oxygen index combustion analysis. The conductivities of the gels at low concentrations of tris(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)phosphate (1.9-4.2 mol%) are higher to those of propylene carbonate-based systems with the same concentration. Despite micro-phase separation at high concentrations of tris(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)phosphate (7.0-14.9 mol%), the conductivities remain comparable to systems that use propylene carbonate. The addition of tris(2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethyl)phosphate to poly(ethylene oxide) gives increased fire retardance, while the addition of propylene carbonate to poly(ethylene oxide) results in increased flammability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)721-726
Number of pages6
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - Mar 15 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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