A practical guide to virtual debriefings: communities of inquiry perspective

Adam Cheng, Michaela Kolbe, Vincent Grant, Susan Eller, Roberta Hales, Benjamin Symon, Sharon Griswold, Walter Eppich

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Many simulation programs have recently shifted towards providing remote simulations with virtual debriefings. Virtual debriefings involve educators facilitating conversations through web-based videoconferencing platforms. Facilitating debriefings through a computer interface introduces a unique set of challenges. Educators require practical guidance to support meaningful virtual learning in the transition from in-person to virtual debriefings. The communities of inquiry conceptual framework offer a useful structure to organize practical guidance for conducting virtual debriefings. The communities of inquiry framework describe the three key elements—social presence, teaching presence, and cognitive presence—all of which contribute to the overall learning experience. In this paper, we (1) define the CoI framework and describe its three core elements, (2) highlight how virtual debriefings align with CoI, (3) anticipate barriers to effective virtual debriefings, and (4) share practical strategies to overcome these hurdles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number18
JournalAdvances in Simulation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Psychology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • General Social Sciences
  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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