A Preliminary Examination of a Vocal Generalized Conditioned Reinforcer

Maria R. Helton, Jonathan W. Ivy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Generalized conditioned reinforcers (GCRs) in the form of tokens are commonly used in behavioral treatment. However, it is possible for non-tangible consequences to also function as GCRs. For example, a vocal stimulus (e.g., good job) associated with completion of a work task, access to preferred actives, and peer interaction could function as a GCR. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of pairing a vocal stimulus with multiple edible reinforcers on the Frequency math problem completion. The results suggest that a vocal statement paired with an array of four back-up reinforcer functioned as a GCR for completing math problems for two typically developing children identified as having minor deficits in math skills.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioral Interventions
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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