Background - The purpose of this study was to prospectively determine the immunogenicity of nonvalved allograft tissue used to repair congenital heart defects. Methods and Results - We prospectively analyzed the immune response of 11 children, 1.4 months to 10 years of age, who required nonvalved allografts to alleviate stenosis during repair of congenital heart defects. In 7 patients, pulmonary arterial grafts were used; in 3 patients, monocusp pulmonary artery grafts were used; and in 1 patient, a section of glutaraldehyde-preserved allograft pericardium was used. We measured the level of HLA panel-reactive antibody (PRA) before surgery, 1 week after, 1 month after, and 3 months after surgery. PRA was determined by the antiglobulin technique and flow cytometry. HLA class I and class II antibodies measured by either technique were negligible before and 1 week after surgery. Nine of 11 patients (82%) exhibited a significant immune response at 1 month after surgery that further increased at 3 months. The measured PRA for class I antibodies with the antiglobulin technique increased to 43±36% at 1 month and to 69±38% at 3 months after surgery. Flow cytometry class I PRA measurements were similar. Class II PRA increased to 26±34% at 1 month and to 41±36% at 3 months. Age negatively correlated with the degree of elevation of PRA, but neither allograft area nor the area indexed to patient body surface area correlated with PRA. Conclusions - Cryopreserved nonvalved allografts induce a strong HLA antibody response in the majority of children.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Nov 7 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)