During the last four days of follicular development prior to ovulation, the activities of Δ5-3 β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3βOHD) and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PD) were quantified in cryostat sections of the rat ovary. The product of the enzyme reactions were measured using a scanning and integrating microdensitometer. The enzyme activity was measured in the peripheral region, the antral region and the cumulus of the membrana granulosa (MG) of these follicles on the morning of each of the four days of the estrous cycle. G-6-PD activity was measured in the presence and absence of an intermediate hydrogen acceptor, phenazine methosulphate, to provide a measure of the quantity of Type I and Type II Hydrogen (H) generated: Type I H is considered to be related to hydroxylating reactions such as those of steroids and Type II H to other general biosynthetic activities of cells. In all three regions of the MG of follicles of the ovulable type, 3βOHD activity was lowest in estrus and diestrus-1, increased on diestrus-2 and peaked in proestrus. In estrus and diestrus-1, the level of 3βOHD activity in the three regions was comparable. However, by diestrus-2, and even more conspicuously in proestrus, enzyme activity was significantly greater in the peripheral region than in the antral region or in the cumulus. During the same period, the level of enzyme activity remained comparable in the last two regions. Throughout the estrous cycle, both Type I and Type II H generation from G-6-PD was greatest in the peripheral region, less in the antral region and least in the cumulus. In the peripheral region, Type I H generation increased progressively after diestrus-1, to reach a maximum in proestrus. In the antral region, Type I H generation increased between diestrus-1 and diestrus-2 and then remained unchanged through proestrus. In the cumulus, Type I H generation remained at levels seen in estrus throughout the remainder of the cycle. Generation of Type II H, in the peripheral region was constant throughout the estrous cycle. In contrast, in the antral region and cumulus, Type II H generation was greater in diestrus-1 and diestrus-2 than on either proestrus or estrus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)