Reentrant paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias (PSVT) are frequently encountered in clinical practice. Verapamil and flecainide have both been successfully used as chronic oral therapy to prevent PSVT recurrences. This open-label, randomized, multicenter study was designed to compare the efficacy and adverse effects of verapamil (median dose, 240 mg/day) versus flecainide (median dose, 200 mg/day) in patients with frequent and symptomatic attacks of PSVT (other than atrial fibrillation or flutter). A total of 121 patients receiving flecainide (n = 63) or verapamil (n = 58) were followed for 8.1 ± 5.1 and 7.5 ± 5.4 months, respectively. Response was judged clinically as effective or not by the treating physician. By life table analysis, 11% discontinued flecainide and 19% discontinued verapamil for inefficacy at 1 year (difference not significant). Both groups showed a marked reduction in the frequency of attacks of PSVT. Before therapy, 71% of flecainide patients and 73% of verapamil patients had ≥2 attacks per month. During therapy, 86% of all flecainide patient-months and 73% of all verapamil patient-months occurred with 0 or 1 attack; 19 (30%) patients on flecainide completed the trial (>270 days) without symptomatic attacks versus 7 (13%) of the patients on verapamil (p = 0.026). Both drugs ware wall tolerated; 19% of the flecainide group discontinued primarily because of adverse effects, compared with 24% discontinuing verapamil for this reason (difference not significant). Both flecainide and verapamil are effective and well tolerated for the prevention of recurrences of PSVT. For patients in whom radiofrequency ablation procedures cannot be performed or are not indicated, either therapy is a reasonable choice for long-term prophylaxis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine