A Review on Construction Safety: Hazards, Mitigation Strategies, and Impacted Sectors

Deema Almaskati, Sharareh Kermanshachi, Apurva Pamidimukkala, Karthikeyan Loganathan, Zhe Yin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Hazard identification is a fundamental step in safety management that has the potential to reduce the number and severity of occupational injuries on construction sites. Researchers have identified and evaluated some of the hazards, but few have extensively discussed all of them and none have classified them by sector. The goal of this paper is to fill that research gap by considering hazard identification through an organized synthesis of the existing literature. After a comprehensive literature review, 236 publications were deemed eligible for further analysis. Eighteen safety hazards were identified and then categorized into four groups based on their physiological impacts, ranked based on frequency of citation, and classified by sector. The results revealed that falls from heights, material handling, and heavy machinery were the most frequently cited hazards and the most likely to impact all sectors. Mitigation strategies were also identified, and it was determined that most hazards can be mitigated through the use of personal protective equipment, and effective training and supervision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number526
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

Cite this