A robust LMI-based pitch controller for large wind turbines

H. M. Hassan, A. L. ElShafei, W. A. Farag, M. S. Saad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


This paper utilizes the linear matrix inequalities' techniques (LMI) for designing a robust collective pitch controller (CPC) for large wind turbines. CPC operates during up rated wind speeds to regulate the generator speed in order to harvest the rated electrical power. The proposed design takes into account model uncertainties by designing a controller based on a polytopic model. The LMI-based approach allows additional constraints to be included in the design (e.g. H problem, H 2 problem, H /H 2 trade-off criteria, and pole clustering). These constraints are exploited to include requirements for perfect regulation, efficient disturbance rejection, and permissible actuator usage. The proposed controller is combined with individual pitch controller (IPC) that reduces the periodic blade's load by alleviating once per revolution (1P) frequency fatigue loads. FAST (Fatigue, Aero-dynamics, Structures, and Turbulence) software code developed at the US National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is used to verify the results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-71
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable Energy
StatePublished - Aug 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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