A single 20 mg dose of dihydrexidine (DAR-0100), a full dopamine D1 agonist, is safe and tolerated in patients with schizophrenia

Mark S. George, Christine E. Molnar, Emily L. Grenesko, Berry Anderson, Qiwen Mu, Kevin Johnson, Ziad Nahas, Michael Knable, Prabhavathi Fernandes, Jorge Juncos, Xuemei Huang, David E. Nichols, Richard B. Mailman

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82 Scopus citations


The potential of dopamine D1 receptor agonists to have beneficial effects on cognitive function has been suggested by a body of preclinical evidence. We now report the use of dihydrexidine (DAR-0100), the first full D1 agonist, in a pilot study assessing single low dose safety and tolerability in patients with schizophrenia. A within-subject cross-over design was used in 20 adults (18-65 years) with SCID-IV diagnosed schizophrenia. Subjects were outpatients with a moderate level of residual negative symptoms, and were on stable dosing of non-D1-blocking antipsychotic drugs. Following screening, subjects were hospitalized for 48 h, and at 0800 h each morning scanned on a 3 T MRI scanner for resting brain perfusion, followed by a Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) fMRI scan during an N-Back working memory task. They then received 20 mg subcutaneously (SC) of dihydrexidine or placebo over 15 min, followed by 45 min of intermittent MRI scans of perfusion and BOLD activity during the working memory task. Blood was drawn for serum drug levels and subjects were evaluated for clinical and cognitive changes. The procedure was repeated using the opposite challenge 2 days later. Dihydrexidine was well tolerated with no serious adverse events although three subjects had mild dizziness and five subjects experienced nausea. There was no significant effect of drug on clinical interview ratings or delayed (afternoon) neuropsychological performance. No medication interactions were seen. Thus, a single subcutaneous dose of dihydrexidine is tolerated and safe in patients with schizophrenia and does not produce delayed clinical or neuropsychological improvements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-50
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Jul 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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