A spiral tack as a lead point for volvulus.

Laura Withers, Ann Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We present a case of small bowel volvulus around an endotack applied during total extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair (TEP). This complication prompts reconsideration of the role of tacks during extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repairs. METHODS: We undertook a chart review and provide a case presentation with review of the literature. RESULT: A 66-year-old male with bilateral inguinal hernias underwent elective, bilateral, total extraperitoneal laparoscopic hernia repair. During dissection, a small peritoneal tear occurred. The tear was closed with a spiral tack. On postoperative day 22, the patient developed an acute abdomen. Exploratory laparotomy revealed a volvulus rotated around an adhesion to the spiral tack.DISCUSSION: Volvulus can cause vascular compromise leading to bowel ischemia and necrosis. A tack resulting in adhesion and volvulus is an unusual, but serious, complication. Repair of a peritoneal tear during preperitoneal hernia repair is advocated to improve visualization obstructed by a pneumoperitonuem and decrease adhesions to the abdominal wall. CONCLUSION: The use of blunt Endoloops or crimps may prove safer than tacks for repairing the peritoneum and placement in proximity to delicate or thin tissues. Additionally, careful placement of foreign bodies to ensure their stability and to minimize protrusion may decrease the risk of erosion of the hardware.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-249
Number of pages3
JournalJSLS : Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery


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