TY - JOUR

T1 - A study of spectra, structure and correlation functions and their implications for the stationarity of surface-layer turbulence

AU - Dias, Nelson L.

AU - Chamecki, Marcelo

AU - Kan, Akemi

AU - Okawa, Cristhiane M.P.

PY - 2004/2

Y1 - 2004/2

N2 - The related concepts of stationarity and the existence and values of integral time scales are central to the ability of analyzing micrometeorological data within the framework of Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. Not only does the theory strongly hinge on the stationarity assumption, the estimation of turbulence moments and their accuracies are dependent on the values of the correspondent integral time scales. In spite of the general importance of these concepts, there are relatively few studies concerned with them. Moreover, although each turbulence variable has its own integral scale, this fact is often overlooked when numerical values are estimated. In this work we study three daytime events of surface inversion formation, that is, events where a nonstationary period is clearly present. Our analysis reveals a low-frequency component in the temperature data that is not totally removed by a simple (but often used in turbulence data analysis) first-order recursive filter. This component has to be filtered out in the frequency domain, after which we are able to recover similarity between temperature and humidity statistical descriptors (in this case, the structure function). After applying a simple criterion to estimate numerical values of the integral time scales, we are able to assess the relationships between the existence of integral scales and the stationarity of the corresponding process. Finally, we find out that in the case of second-order moments the Sarmanov theorem does not always apply. The implications for accuracy estimates of these moments are then briefly discussed.

AB - The related concepts of stationarity and the existence and values of integral time scales are central to the ability of analyzing micrometeorological data within the framework of Monin-Obukhov similarity theory. Not only does the theory strongly hinge on the stationarity assumption, the estimation of turbulence moments and their accuracies are dependent on the values of the correspondent integral time scales. In spite of the general importance of these concepts, there are relatively few studies concerned with them. Moreover, although each turbulence variable has its own integral scale, this fact is often overlooked when numerical values are estimated. In this work we study three daytime events of surface inversion formation, that is, events where a nonstationary period is clearly present. Our analysis reveals a low-frequency component in the temperature data that is not totally removed by a simple (but often used in turbulence data analysis) first-order recursive filter. This component has to be filtered out in the frequency domain, after which we are able to recover similarity between temperature and humidity statistical descriptors (in this case, the structure function). After applying a simple criterion to estimate numerical values of the integral time scales, we are able to assess the relationships between the existence of integral scales and the stationarity of the corresponding process. Finally, we find out that in the case of second-order moments the Sarmanov theorem does not always apply. The implications for accuracy estimates of these moments are then briefly discussed.

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U2 - 10.1023/A:1026067224894

DO - 10.1023/A:1026067224894

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0742305786

SN - 0006-8314

VL - 110

SP - 165

EP - 189

JO - Boundary-Layer Meteorology

JF - Boundary-Layer Meteorology

IS - 2

ER -