The proper formulation of lubricants starts with an understanding of the performance of the individual base stocks. Additives respond to various base stocks differently depending on the chemistry of the base stock and can result in either synergistic or antagonistic effects. This paper studies the effect of structure for various ester base stocks using a four-ball wear test machine to measure friction and wear. The authors evaluate several esters based on differing chemical structures of the alcohol and acid moieties used to synthesize the ester. The alcohols include neopentyl glycol (NPG), trimethylolpropane (TMP), and pentaerythritol (PE). Acids vary in length of the molecular chain and comparisons include both branched and linear molecules. The researchers blend various additives in the base stocks to study the interaction with the base fluids. Wear tests occur in the boundary lubrication regime with significant chemical structure differences observed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Specialist publication||Lubrication Engineering|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering