A temperature-dependent multilayer model for direct current carrying HTS coated-conductors under perpendicular AC magnetic fields

Jun Ma, Jianzhao Geng, Wan Kan Chan, Justin Schwartz, Tim Coombs

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44 Scopus citations


When a type II superconductor carrying a direct current is subjected to a perpendicular oscillating magnetic field, a direct current (DC) voltage will appear. This voltage can either result from dynamic resistance effect or from flux flow effect, or both. The temperature variation in the superconductor plays an important role in the nature of the voltage, and there has been little study of this so far. This paper presents and experimentally verifies a 2D temperature-dependent multilayer model of the second generation (2G) high temperature superconducting (HTS) coated conductors (CC), which is based on H-formulation and a general heat transfer equation. The model has coupled the electromagnetic and thermal physics, and it can simulate the behavior of 2G HTS coated conductors in various working conditions where the temperature rise has a significant impact. Representative electromagnetic phenomena such as the dynamic resistance effect and the flux flow effect, and thermal behavior like quench and recovery have been simulated. This thermal-coupled model is a powerful tool to study the thermal-electromagnetic behaviors of 2G HTS coated conductors in different working conditions, especially when the impact of temperature rise is important. This multilayer model is also very useful in analyzing the impact of different layers in the 2G HTS CCs, especially the metal stabilizer layers. It has been proven to be a very powerful tool to help understand more complicated characteristics in the CCs which could not be accurately measured or simulated by previous numerical models. The work is indicative and very useful in designing ac magnetic field controlled persistent current switches and flux pumps, in terms of increasing the off-state resistance, analyzing different sources of losses, minimizing detrimental losses, and enhancing the safety and stability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number045007
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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