A comprehensive thermochemical database is constructed based on high–throughput first-principles phonon calculations of over 3000 atomic structures in limited concentrations in Ni, Fe, and Co alloys involving a total of 26 elements including Al, B, C, Cr, Cu, Hf, La, Mn, Mo, N, Nb, O, P, Re, Ru, S, Si, Ta, Ti, V, W, Y, and Zr, providing thermochemical data largely unavailable from existing experiments. The database can be employed to predict the equilibrium phase compositions and fractions directly from first-principles by minimizing the chemical potential of a multicomponent system with a fixed overall chemical composition and a fixed temperature. It is applied to the additively manufactured nickel-based IN718 superalloy to analyze the phase evolution with temperature. IN718 is known for its great performance in tensile, fatigue, creep, and rupture strength, combined with easy fabrication and corrosion resistance. In particular, we successfully predicted the formation of L10-FeNi, γ’-Ni3(Fe,Al), α-Cr, δ-Ni3(Nb,Mo), γ”-Ni3Nb, and η-Ni3Ti at low temperatures (below 680 K), γ’-Ni3Al, δ-Ni3Nb, γ”-Ni3Nb, α-Cr, and γ-Ni(Fe,Cr,Mo) at intermediate temperatures (between 680 and 1140 K), and δ-Ni3Nb and γ-Ni(Fe,Cr,Mo) at high temperatures (above 1140 K) in IN718. These predictions are validated by EDS mapping of compositional distributions and corresponding identifications of phase distributions. The database is expected to be a valuable source for future thermodynamic analysis and microstructure prediction of alloys involving the 26 elements.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys