We demonstrate essential coexistence of hyperbolic and non-hyperbolic behavior in the continuous-time case by constructing a smooth volume preserving flow on a five-dimensional compact smooth manifold that has non-zero Lyapunov exponents almost everywhere on an open and dense subset of positive but not full volume and is ergodic on this subset while having zero Lyapunov exponents on its complement. The latter is a union of three-dimensional invariant submanifolds, and on each of these submanifolds the flow is linear with Diophantine frequency vector.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Mathematics
- Applied Mathematics