Abnormal gait detection and classification using micro-Doppler radar signatures

Donald L. Hall, Tyler D. Ridder, Ram M. Narayanan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Scopus citations


Micro-Doppler radars have been used to accurately detect and classify human activities in various scenarios. This paper discusses the development of an X-Band micro-Doppler radar in detecting abnormal signatures embedded in micro-Doppler responses from activities such as walking, jogging, and jumping. To synthesize the condition of an abnormal gait, five test subjects were asked to perform the activities while wearing shoes, being barefoot, and wearing shoes accompanied by a heel lift insert in one shoe. Abnormal gait detection was performed using micro-Doppler responses of the various activities measured over two different look angles. The Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT) was used to analyze the micro-Doppler characteristics along with Cadence Frequency Diagrams (CFD). Feature extraction was performed on the micro-Doppler responses for acquiring unique hand-crafted features commonly used in literature for gait analysis by micro- Doppler radar measurements. A secondary analysis utilized dimensionality reduction through Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA) to extract unique signatures and perform abnormal gait classification. An in-depth evaluation was performed on the different feature sets by the Weight K-Nearest-Neighbor (WKNN) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) classifier algorithms that determined the feasibility of discriminating between individuals performing the activities. The research allows for future determination of abnormal motion in specific activities via micro-Doppler response and machine learning that can further emphasize the ability of micro-Doppler radar to perform abnormal gait classification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRadar Sensor Technology XXIII
EditorsKenneth I. Ranney, Armin Doerry
ISBN (Electronic)9781510626713
StatePublished - 2019
EventRadar Sensor Technology XXIII 2019 - Baltimore, United States
Duration: Apr 15 2019Apr 17 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceRadar Sensor Technology XXIII 2019
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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