The sequential bond dissociation energies (BDEs) of the mono- and bis-benzene complexes with alkali metal cations (Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, and Cs+) are determined experimentally by collision-induced dissociation (CID) with Xe in a guided ion beam mass spectrometer and theoretically by ab initio calculations. The kinetic energy dependence of the CID cross sections are analyzed to yield 0 and 298 K bond energies for (C6H6)x-1M+C6H 6 (x = 1-2) after accounting for the effects of the internal energies of the reactant ions, the multiple collisions of the ions with xenon, and the dissociation lifetimes of the ionic complexes. Ab initio binding energies are calculated at the MP2(full)/6-311+G(2d,2p)//MP2(full)/6-31G* level and corrected for zero-point energies (ZPE) and basis set superposition errors (BSSE). The theoretical BDEs are in reasonably good agreement with the experimentally determined 0 K bond energies when full electron correlation is included (for Li+, Na+, and K+) but differ appreciably when effective core potentials (ECPs) are used for the K+, Rb+, and Cs+ metal ions. The trends in M+C6H6)x binding energies are explained in terms of varying magnitudes of electrostatic interactions and ligand-ligand repulsions in the complexes. Agreement between our BDEs and the few previous experimental M+(C6H6)x BDEs is found to be good in most cases. Comparisons are also made to previous theoretical M+C6H6), BDEs in the literature and to the experimental BDEs of alkali-metal ion-water and alkali-metal ion-dimethyl ether complexes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry