Accelerating solitons

Ilarion V. Melnikov, Constantinos Papageorgakis, Andrew B. Royston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We present the saddle-point approximation for the effective Hamiltonian of the quantum kink in two-dimensional linear sigma models to all orders in the time-derivative expansion. We show how the effective Hamiltonian can be used to obtain semiclassical soliton form factors, valid at momentum transfers of order the soliton mass. Explicit results, however, hinge on finding an explicit solution to a new wavelike partial differential equation, with a time-dependent velocity and a forcing term that depend on the solution. In the limit of small momentum transfer, the effective Hamiltonian reduces to the expected form, namely, H=P2+M2, where M is the one-loop corrected soliton mass, and soliton form factors are given in terms of Fourier transforms of the corresponding classical profiles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number125002
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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